Agricultural Policy in EU

Introduction The Common agricultural policy (CAP) was established many years ago. However, since its establishment, it has undergone modifications to suit changing priorities concerning agricultural production. The policy aimed at increasing agricultural production in EU especially in during the cold war. However, the current priorities of the CAP have changed...

China-United States International Trade

Introduction Objective of the study The main objectives of the study are to analyze how the trade between China and the US affected the two nations and the extent of effectiveness. Other objectives are to analyze the how the economic reforms can help to improve future economic trade between these...

Defense Deal Would Roil Industry

The much-talked-about defense deal between the three world powers has been a subject of political controversies. France, Britain, and Germany while trying to build a global unifying force, have been in a series of meetings to merge Airbus Aeronautic Defense and Space Company and Britain Systems Company. The merger will...

Aung San Suu Kyi, a 1991 Nobel Laureate

Introduction Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi is “… the most famous pro-democracy activist in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma. This country is one of the world’s most remote and authoritarian nations” (New York Times 2012). By being the Daughter of General Aung San, the hero of Myanmar’s independence from Britain,...

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President vs. Congress over Foreign Policy

Introduction The constitution of many countries including America splits foreign policy authorities amid the president and congress for them to have a share in making foreign policy. The legislative and executive divisions also play crucial roles in enacting the goals of foreign policy. However, the president is the constitutional envoy...

Counter-Terrorism Communication and Empowerment

Introduction The East African Community has experienced so many terrorist attacks in the past few years. The approach used by the East African Counterterrorism Unit has not been successful in eliminating the terror threats and dealing appropriately with the terror groups in the region. According to the current situation, there...

Reforming the Canadian Electoral System

Introduction The current electoral system in Canada is a product of a series of electoral changes that have always taken place since the foundation of the Canadian confederation in the mid 1880s. During the early years, the rights of individuals to vote were significantly limited as only white males had...

The Nature or the American Dream

Pursued by many—and interpreted in countless ways—the American dream remains a legendary concept that combines democracy, freedom, opportunity, and equality. However, despite numerous attempts to define and locate it, its real meaning and purpose remain vague. So just what is the American dream? Theorists, philosophers, sociologists, politicians, novelists, and journalists...

Political Sciences. Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia

Introduction During the constitutional convention of 1787 multiple plans were proposed from different delegations. In Virginia and New Jersey, proposals described different needs of the people and opposing structures of government that they wanted the constitution to represent, only the Connecticut Compromise managed to unite them. The Virginia Plan The...

Public Policy and Its Impacts on the Local Government

Introduction Public policy is a framework, through which the governmental activities are executed for the benefit of the people. Usually, it is the fiscal policy that has a great impact on the local government and the people, because; it is the force driving force behind the success and/or failure of...

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Frederik Willem de Klerk’s Political Skill

Introduction FW was the State Commander of South Africa at the end of the apartheid epoch. He was born in 1936 and was the final State Leader of the apartheid epoch. He served the country from 1989-1994. This leader is well renowned for facilitating the end of the racist rule....

Forms of Government

Politics through good governance has been cited as the main element in building an ethical society. Although a relative phenomenon, the ruling class is required to develop strategies to instill in its populace the right forms of knowledge. The question of the best form of government depends on the ‘telos’...

Case Study of Red Cross and Salvation Army

Executive Summary The recent increase of natural disasters in Australia especially in Queensland has called for an increase in the not-for-profit organization’s help in the management of the disasters. The Australia Red Cross and the Salvation Army are two such organizations involved in the rescue of people and relief provision....

Utilitarian and Kantian Analysis of Death Penalty

A society filled with good morals, no criminals or crime itself, a community full of justice is all that the world society covets most. From Utilitarian and Kantian arguments, death penalty is the only judgment that will see a society with no grave evils like murder. Death penalty/euthanasia/capital punishment or...

Elections and Electoral Systems

The vote is one of the most basic rights of political participation Votes are very essential in influencing the election of leaders, and Canada just like other countries offers its citizens the right to vote and vie for any legislative office of their choice. Each vote is very important especially...

Campaign Finance Vs. Democracy

Introduction Financing in the elections especially in the campaign process is becoming a perennial aspect of the political system in the US, long centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs due to increased costs of operations and economic growth which is increasing the inflation (Coleman and Paul, p.757)....

The United States: Influence owards Latin America

Introduction The United States had the greatest influence towards Latin America in the early 1970s. The Latin American countries include Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Peru, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Cuba. These are some of the countries which the United States had the greatest influence in terms of economic growth and...

Expansionary Policies in Australia and Their Effects

Introduction There are various kinds of one- off payments which are paid in families, businesses and so on. In 2010 there was an agreement made on one off payments to salaried workers under clause 7of Australian wages Act. According to this clause all white collar workers had a right to...

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Death Penalty and Human Rights Activists

The death penalty/capital punishment, involves the cold blooded termination of human life. It is usually done without the proper approval of the convict for a crime committed in the name of justice. The crimes that carry this particular sentence are called ‘capital crimes’ (mainly involving murder). In the recent past,...

Public Administration Policy Reflection Paper

Introduction The main objective of public administration is to foster government functionality by advancing management and government policies. Alternatively, public administration integrates aspects of management of public programs. It focuses on government policy organization and the behavior of public officers. Pioneer academics postulated and advocated for four basic public administration...

Difference Between Nation, Country, Government and State

In the past, it was confused that Nations, Countries and States were the same entity. However dismal the difference might be, it is important that the three definitions be used in their rightful contexts. Though these terms have been used interchangeably, a State is a political entity that is self-governed....

Should Australia Always Follow the United States Into War?

Introduction In 1996, the Howard government was overwhelmely elected on the campaign pledge of upgrading the Australian-USA alliance. Few could have imagined the extent to which its promises would be realized. After eleven years in office, Australia’s Howard government had significantly intensified the alliance (Kelton 2008, p.1) and by 2007,...

The Canadian Political System

Constitution A constitution defines a set of laws that govern a specific group of people. A constitution governs the basic laws of government in any state. The body of laws and rules that define how government works is what constitutes a constitution. A constitution would then define the structures, procedures,...

Political Sciences. Legalization of Marijuana

Introduction A report released by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) in 2004 (Douglas & Peter 179) revealed that marijuana is one of the most heavily abused drugs among the most addictive substances in the United States of America. According to the report in 2004 for instance, 70.3 million...

Public Policy: Affirmative Action in the USA

Introduction A policy refers to a collectively agreed-upon plan of action or principles that govern the activities of a person or a group of people. The public policies are very important and the policy-making process should be given enough attention mainly because the public policies define the type and the...

Civil Society Role in Fostering Democracy

Introduction In the last decade, there has been an increased flurry of activities of civil society organizations in many countries of the world in relation to the push for democratic dispensation in the election process and good governance. As a matter of fact, reliance on the election outcomes alone in...

U.S. Invasion to Iraq: The Purpose of U.S.

On the twentieth day of March 2003, The United States of America (U.S.A) under the command of the then president George W Bush spearheaded the invasion of Iraq, with the backing force of British forces and other smaller allies of U.S.A. mainly Denmark, Poland, Spain and Australia. This invasion in...

Remembering World War II: Asia-Pacific Studies

Introduction Unlike other commemorative occasions, war anniversaries are perceived differently by various groups depending on which side the group is or was allied to. The World War II is perceived differently by countries across the world and as such, commemorative ceremonies also differ from continent to continent depending with the...

Alternative Economic Income besides Oil in Saudi Arabia

Introduction Saudi Arabia is the largest country of the Arabian Peninsula. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the holiest place for Muslims and is famous for its petroleum exports (Energy information administration, n.p). Oil exports account for almost 75% of the total government revenues. Moreover, Oil is also responsible for...

Should There Be a Legalization of Marijuana?

Introduction The issue of whether marijuana should be legalized or not has seen many states being plunged into heated debates over the matter. Precisely, there have been diverse viewpoints regarding its status with some groups supporting the idea of its legalization. In the same measure, there are those who oppose...

Sri Lanka Internal Conflicts

Introduction Sri Lanka is a country in one of the islands neighboring India to the east in the Asia continent whose name has featured in the world news for the better part of the last three decades of the 20th century to date. The history of the island dates back...

Canada And The Italian Campaign During World War II

The history of the Canadian military dates back many years. The military had been involved in numerous wars in bid to gain their sovereignty. It has also been involved in peacekeeping in many countries. Its involvement in the Second World War came after it declared war against Germany in 1939....

Kashmir Conflict: Possible Solutions

Kashmir is an issue which has been long standing left from history for conclusion. In the 15 years since the beginning of the terrorist attacks on the part of Kashmir which comes under India from the year 1989, 45000 people have been killed. This issue has become more complex as...

The Iraq War: Main Issues

Executive Summary The war on Iraq has always been seen as unjust and a kind of psychopathic war. It is a war that was started because of biological weapons, which were not found even after the attack. President Bush failed in his war against Iraq, because he made many people...

Current Issues in Administration – Democracy and Public Administration

Introduction The term democracy simply refers to the government by the people. Since this term keeps on changing depending on its interpretation by the specific society at hand, it thus becomes very difficult to formulate a more concise definition. However, Richard (2007) made an attempt of giving a more detailed...

Nuclear Projects in Iran and Conflict With B. Obama

International relations of the United States of America are complex with some countries. The situation may be also complicated by the opponent’s unwillingness to take up the universally accepted position in some question, or just the inability to find the compromise in difficult situations. The current problem, which has appeared...

Reform of the House of Commons in Canada

Introduction The purpose of this term paper is to discuss the reform of the House of Commons in Canada. In order to do so, this paper will provide a complete overview of the House of Commons, electoral procedure, Canada’s Parliamentary system, Sovereignty of Parliament, lawmaking procedure, the democratic deficit, and...

The Death Penalty Is a Just Punishment

Introduction Punishment for crimes that are deemed cruel and unusual is forbidden by the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. This amendment is often invoked when discussing the legal merits of the death penalty. The use of the death penalty is considered by some to be the most obvious and...

Marijuana Should Be Legalized in the United States

Introduction Marijuana is a drug originating from the cannabis sativa plant that has stimulating effect to the human brain. It can be smoked or taken in by mixing it with food or a drink. Various names have been used to refer to the drug with hashish referring to the concentrated...

Gun Control in Canada and Its Benefits

Introduction The arguments on gun control are a very controversial issue. Canada has had some forms of gun control since 1800. The Government of Canada requires all firearms, including shotguns and rifles to be registered and not just restricted firearms such as assault rifles and automatic weapons. People benefit by...

Trade Agreements and Their Role for Canada

Introduction Canada has many agreements with the world’s countries in various spheres of activities, so that to make relations on this base more convenient for further improvement in the world arena. The most of the signed and adopted agreements touch upon countries in the Western hemisphere. The Canadian aspect in...

New York Warrantless Blood Sample Collection

Outline Introduction: This part gives a brief illustration and an introduction to the newly introduce warrantless blood sample law. Body: In depth comparison on the purpose and impact of the new law and the old warranty law in reference to the effect on the behavior of people affected and its conflicts with...

War on Terrorism and Its Impact on the Civilian Population

After the September 11 attacks on the US, President Bush declared what he called the “War on Terrorism”. A war which was fought not only in the so-called “enemy territory” of Iraq and Afghanistan but also right here within the United States territories. A war which threatened to change our...

Public Security and Terrorism in Iran

Historical events that led to Iranian state sponsorship of terrorism It is evident that confrontations as well as differences in diplomacy and hidden interests have led to the rising of terrorist groups funded by countries like Iran. Various groups with terrorism agenda and in countries like Philippines, Lebanon, Bosnia and...

Mexico and its war with the U.S

Introduction In the history of the world a lot of wars are reported. There is a reason behind any war. Many people lost their lives and many of them are injured and handicapped by a war. Many historical monuments are ruin at the end of a war. A War causes...

The Importance of World War I

World War I was the international conflict that started in the summer of 1914. Even though World War I was not as destructive as the consequent World War II, the importance of the first global conflict cannot be underestimated. The unexpected decision of Germany to attack Russia revealed that the...

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in the United States

The relationship that exists between civil liberties and civil rights is often confused and misunderstood. Civil liberties are rights that individuals hold over and above against the government. Civil liberties came about in the United States when citizens turned down the ratification of the constitution unless a Bill of Rights...

The Vietnam War History

The Vietnam War, like any war, was one of the most memorable events in the history of the world. It is often referred to simply as a military conflict in Vietnam for the reason that the United States of America has never made a declaration of war as such. On...

Arab-Israeli Peace Process

Introduction Perhaps no issue appears as vexatious as the ongoing Palestine-Israeli conflict that threatens to deepen the ‘fault lines’ between the West and the Arabs. This age-old problem is rooted in the historicity of ancient times, false promises, realpolitik, and religion. The complexity of the issue suspends the commonly held...

The Sudden Rise of the Nazi Party in Germany

Introduction The National Socialist German Workers Party existed in German politics between 1919 and 1945. Led by Adolph Hitler, the party presided over among the darkest period of German and world history; characterized by the worst mass murder and world war. key to the party’s success was the ascension of...

Collection Methods on the 9/11 Attacks

Introduction The relations of people in human society are complicated and hard to classify with the help of the rules of rational thinking. Scholars have long been wondering what makes people break laws and act violently towards other people. Therefore, the life of human beings within the society has always...

Political Instability in Cambodia Over Past 20 Years

The political instability in Cambodia over the last twenty years can be attributed mainly to multi party politics that was introduced in the early 90s which has since brought about power struggles in the country. Cambodia had been under monarchy rule until the seventies when the Khmer Rouge, who were...

North Korea’s Political Dependency on China

When Korea split into North Korea and South Korea in 1948, communist North Korea continued to maintain close relations with China while South Korea maintained diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Today communist China remains to be North Korea’s biggest trade and investment partner. However, scholars have yet to determine the extent...

Political Action Committee: Public Policy Influences Ways

Political action committee (PAC) is a group or fund-raising organization that aims to support certain candidate or political leader and promote the interests of a particular business circle or social class (Lowery & Brasher, 2004). PACs have the capacity to resolve a great number of urgent problems that American society...

Political Instability and the Cambodian Economy

Cambodia is found in South East Asia and its population is estimated to be around 15 million. Its government embraces a multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy. This bred of democracy has been a problem in the country for the last two decades. This is because in the last 20...

“Conflict Resolution Among Peaceful Societies” by Bruce Bonta

In this essay, I would like to discuss the research article Conflict Resolution among Peaceful Societies, written by Bruce Bonta. The work is helpful to the extent that it describes the major elements of peacemaking, and most importantly, the author tries to show the difference in perception of the conflict...

Valéry Giscard D’Estaing in the European Union’ History

Valéry Giscard D’Estaing biography Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d’Estaing was born on the 2nd of February in the year 1926. He is renowned as a French politician with a center-right ideology. He held the office of the President of the French Republic beginning his tenure in 1974 and remained...

Accountability in Public Administration

Efficiency cannot be achieved in public administration without accountability. According to Dubnick (2008), accountability can be defined as, “the means used to control and direct administrative behavior by requiring answerability to some external authority.” This system of public administration has its origin in the history of the American constitution and...

Developed Countries Interfere Offering Foreign Aid

Introduction Its is an accepted fact that in regards to foreign aid offered by the developed countries and agencies to developing countries, some form of regulation has to be present to foster human rights, democracy, development and accountability; this is the cases where the recipient state in question either is...

Lemay, Missouri: Community Assessment

Community Core Data Lemay is a township of St. Louis County, Missouri with a land area of 10.3 sq. mi. and a water area of 0.8 sq. mi. (Lemay Township, 2007). Its population in 2007 (July) was 16,854, 7,973 (47.3 percent) of whom were males while 8,881 (52.7 percent) were...

Local Government Types in the United States

Introduction Decentralization foundation is in the concept of effective residency (public engagement and societal assets), autonomous (grassroots-based development), and sustainable livelihood of the residents. Department for International Development (DfID) in a report on decentralization and political accountability argues that decentralization encourages democratization and reinforces governance by giving citizens more influence...

American Foreign Policy Interests in South Vietnam

Seth Jacobs has done an inimitable study on the American role in the rise of Diem in South Vietnam. The main question that the book deals with is why the United States selected such a deeply flawed leader like Ngo Dinh Diem and stood by him. Seth Jacobs tries to...

Cult of Personality: Fidel Castro 1959-1985

Introduction Cult of personality has a long history and is mainly connected with strong and charismatic leaders, mainly in the political sphere. Fidel Castro is one of the brightest examples of a charismatic political leader who has managed to control people’s thoughts and actions in Cuba for already 50 years...

Presidential Elections: Campaign Finance

Introduction The research work, which has been carried out, aims to analyze financial activities during the presidential campaigns of 2004 and 2008. We are going to discuss expenditures and fundraising of two leading parties, the Democrats and the Republicans throughout the country, and particularly in the state of Florida. The...

Korea’s Political Dependence on China

Chinese economy is one of the strongest in the region. Its economy has change over time from a central planned one to a market oriented one, inviting trade relationship with many countries. As a result one expects its neighbors to have close relationship with China in order to benefit from...

Discussing European Boundaries

European boundaries have changed through the years and the word Europe has been used since a long time ago. The geographical version of Europe continued changing during the middle ages till it took its modern form in the 18th century. Today this continent is growing larger and it has become...

A Good Leader in State Political Institutions

Introduction America has a federal type of Government. There is a belief that power has been brought closer to the people by devolution through state governments. It is therefore important to understand state politics including the desirable qualities of elected representatives to better understand how the government works. The governor...

Social Revolutions, Capitalism and Socialism

Introduction Social revolutions involve rapid, basic, and aggressive changes in the internal culture of a society. They combine structural transformations and huge class disruptions in the political and social character of a society that eventually leads to changes in leadership and policies (Skocpol, 1976, P.175). Technology has been associated with...

Marxist Communism as a Utopian Concept

Introduction Marxist communism is an economic theory put forward by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. They advocated for the abolition of capitalism because they believed it caused exploitation of the majority poor by the minority rich. Most of the conflicts in societies, they argued, resulted from the fights over the...

New York Government as a State Political Institution

The best way of understanding the operations of the American government is by first understanding the government at the state level. The government can be said to be based on executive power at the state through the governor and legislative power through the legislature. These two arms of the government...

International Relations: The Problem of Power

From the traditional standpoint, the problem of power is the control of the abuse of power, the curbing of that tendency in men of high station to degrade and oppress other men as they uncritically indulge their prejudices and pursue their conceived interests. It is often considered that it is...

How the “2007–08 Policy Address” Influences the Tourism

Introduction The following paper conducts a critical analysis of the 2007-2008 policy address and provides for how it affects tourism. The address was made in the interest of the state of Hong Kong in order to increase prosperity in the region and improve the economic indicators. The focus of the...

The Growth of the Executive Office of the President and the White House

Introduction The United States of America is headed by a president who serves as the head of government and the head of state. The president heads both the federal government and the executive branch of the government. The white house serves as the office of the president as well as...

Women’s Role in World War II

During World War II, many married women in America joined the fork force and worked full time. Critics admit that World War II drew millions of women into the workforce; their numbers increased by 6 million, or nearly 60 percent. In 1940, women had constituted 25 percent of the labor...

Gutting of 19th Century New York: Five Points History

New York City has a vibrant and rich history as one of American’s first big cities. With people from all over the world and from all social classes docking in New York Harbor during the mid 19th century, it was only a matter of time before New York was split...

World Cultures. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and the Palestinian people. It also forms part of the wider Arab-Israeli conflict. Essentially it is a dispute between two national identities with claims over the same area of land. Many attempts have been made to...

The American Experience. Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights that has been protected by the first amendment as a part of the U.S Bill of Rights is the liberty of speech and expression. Too good to be true as stated in Madison’s version of the speech and press clauses, which presented the Bill before the...

Nuclear Weapons and Mass Destruction as a Global Threat

Introduction Since the human race started rolling, the element of technology has been created and considerably advanced. Technology, the art of scientific innovations and enhancements for the benefit of the masses, and its continuing improvements have significantly upgraded people’s lives. But something excessively thought of as good can also turn...

Capital Punishment Debate: Arguments in Support

Abstract Capital punishment has since long been a hotly debated subject, with some countries retaining it and others abolishing the practice. In the U.S, it was reinstated in 1976 by the Supreme Court. Those in favor of retaining capital punishment put forward 8 arguments, claiming such a punishment not only...

American Presidency. Who Makes US Foreign Policy

Introduction A foreign policy is a set of political goals that outlines how a country will interact with the world and how it will conduct normal businesses with other countries and regions in the world. The main aim of foreign policies is to protect the interests of a country, maintain...

Nuremberg Laws in the History of the Holocaust

In 1933 Jews in Germany were about 1% of the 55 million German population. Jews were very active in many fields in Germany. The Jews in Germany were very prosperous in businesses and other professions. Many Jews had served in the German military in World War I. They had lived...

Community-Oriented Policing in the United States

Within the past decade there has been an extensive federally subsidized dissemination of community oriented policing (COP) as a major reform of law enforcement practices in the United States. The fundamental concepts underlying COP are that public order is a joint responsibility of citizens and law enforcement and that the...

Criticism of Classical Realism Through Neorealism

Introduction Classical realism sometimes called political realism is a theory of international relations that was put forward by Hans Morgenthau. This was done back in the mid twentieth Century after the Second World War. The theory presupposes that man’s actions are unpredictable and cannot be subjected to general laws. Decisions...

Social Security and Public Administration Efforts

Today, social security is seen as a topic for political debate. Admitting that Social Security and Medicare are inherently political scares many people, fearful that shifts in public opinion and the nation’s politics might trigger undesirable policy changes. Taking into account economic and social changes and shortage of funds, George...

The Vietnam War and the Tet Offensive

Introduction The Tet Offensive was a remarkable point in American and Vietnamese history. It represented a large military campaign with several severe attacks organized by the Viet Cong against the representatives of the South Vietnamese government and the United States.1 Research on the impact of the Tet Offensive and its...

The United States and World War I

Introduction World War I was probably one of the most tragic events in history. Although none of the involved parties wanted to participate in the combat or even expected it to happen, it resulted in decades of horror. However, the outcomes of the military actions could have been different. When...

9/11 Attacks & Homeland Security: Changes and Future

The beginning of the 21st century marked a substantial change in the world of global security as the threat of terrorism became more imminent than ever before. The attacks that occurred on 9th September 2001 in New York City have changed the people’s perception of their security and safety, causing...