The Origin of American Slavery

Introduction This paper describes the history of slavery and the reason if its origin. Moreover, the second part of the essay provides the analysis of “African American” culture, whether it is a separate phenomenon or can be referred to as a “racial” group. Main text The origin of American slavery...

Financial History. The Ascent of Money by Ferguson

Money is an integral part of our society. Money attracts and repels at the same time. It determines the results of war and helps in the creation of the masterpieces of art. It is rather strange, but most people know practically nothing about money. Niall Ferguson, the famous financial historian,...

United States Declaration of Independence

The importance of having the Declaration read to every colonial soldier and posted prominently in every town The American Declaration of Independence was accepted by the thirteen American states to express profound desire to detach themselves from the colonial yokes of Great Britain. At this point in history, George Washington...

Latin America and the Catholic Church

Historically, Nicaragua is one of the regions in Latin America, which has often experienced political upheavals. In 1983, the Catholic Church was at the center of controversy in the politics of the country. Some of the priests who supported the Sandinista government initiated diverse views among the worshippers. While some...

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African Americans Today

Assessing the position of African Americans, no event is more prominent and exemplary than the election of Barack Obama as the president of the United States. Such an event marks the culmination of years of struggle, shaped by many periods in the history of the United States. It cannot be...

Civil Rights Movement as a Response to Injustice

Introduction There are a lot of injustices that an individual or a group of persons can take or experience in a lifetime. Some tolerate every injustice done on them while others can only take a certain degree until they are fed up. Reactions to injustices also vary. Others would want...

The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

Introduction Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) is one among the well know Presidents of America. So much has been written concerning his life and death. Nevertheless, his murder has been surrounded by so many mysteries that are yet to be known. But the truth is: On April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln and...

History of Conflicts in the Middle East

The Iran-Iraq War The war between Iraq and Iran was fought for about nine years. It began in 1979 and ended in 1988. During that long period, both nations suffered losses of human lives and destructions of property worth billions of dollars. Other nations also suffered economically; the region surrounding...

Cuban Missile Crisis: Historical Interpretation

Introduction At present it is comparatively simple not to recall the bipolar structure that controlled worldwide associations and the extreme conflict that the Cold War period created almost twenty years ago. The missile crisis in Cuba is debatably the most extreme conflict throughout that period between the two super powers....

Latin America and British North America Differences

Introduction The difference between these two societies resulted from slavery due to trade in the early 15th century. The America Latin This is a group found in southern America and colonized by the Spanish and Portuguese. Central America was in control of Spanish power between 1524 and 1526. These Spanish...

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Vietnam War History: War on Terror

Introduction There is a lot of support in America and Europe to ensure that the war on terror continues with even more intensity than the Vietnam War. Essentially the al-Qaeda terrorist should be buoyed by the many European’s cowardly efforts to distance themselves from the war and the American’s open...

Why Americans Defeated British in Revolutionary War

During the American Revolutionary War, it was largely expected that the British would make use of their unequaled military might to crush the American Revolution. But this is not how things turned out to be. The Americans managed to defeat the British leading to the declaration of independence in 1776....

The Great Depression, New Deal, and World War II

Introduction The Great Depression, 1929-1939 was a global economic downturn that devastated countries the world over, the effects of which were widely felt in the United States. This essay explains the causes of the Depression, the efforts made by the Roosevelt administration through a slew of economic measures called the...

Hong Kong’s Industrial Growth and Development

Introduction In the 19th century, China was coming up and the other major world countries were seeing it as a potential market for their products. Therefore, the British Empire under the administration of Queen Victoria waged a war against China and captured the bit of it, currently known as Hong...

The Progressive Era in the United States

The progressive era occurred between 1901 and 1917 mainly as a result of political and corporate exploitations that were taking place in American. There were calls from the spiritual leaders, the media and the radical supporting groups for reforms in the capitalist nature of the American economy; however, President Roosevelt...

Cold War Brief Descriprion

Introduction The cold war is a period in history characterized by great tension between the USSR and the western allies, led by the United States. Although it is not clear as to the exact date when the cold war started, historians agree that these tensions between the two countries came...

The American Response to the Perceived Communist Threat in the World

The Red-Scare and Its Effects on the Perception of Communism The red scare stemmed from the genuine fear of the Americans of the Soviet Union and their capability and real or alleged attempts to turn the American society into a communist one. At the end of the Second World War,...

Impacts of War on Economy

Introduction Through history, wars have been fought among nations and between factions within the same national boundary. Several countries including the United States (U.S.), Korea, and Britain have experienced civil war within their borders. Moreover, almost every country in the world has had physical confrontation with another country or countries....

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The History of Communist Revolution in China

Introduction Since ancient times, Confucianism was the main religion in China. This religion was resisted and quelled by communists because it represented the treat to their traditions and political principles. At the beginning of the 20th century, China has the famous and long-lived practice of administration bureaucracy of any nation,...

Booker T. Washington Biography

Early Life of Washington Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) was born out of a slave family in the countryside of Virginia. His mother Jane was a cook while his father was a white plantation owner. However, his father was unknown. Washington had brother called John and a sister known as Amanda....

The Civil Right Movement in American History

The Civil Rights Movement in the U.S. was the most significant social event of the past 60 years. It changed life conditions for Blacks as well as directing the general attitudes of the entire population regarding race relations on a progressive, humane course. It began with the integration of the...

Jim Crow Laws and African Americans

Introduction The term Jim Crow traces its origin to 1830s white minstrel entertainer by the name Daddy Rice, who smeared his face with charcoal to represent an African American and performed a song that portrayed the African American as a stupid person. This performance made the Jim Crow character one...

Thomas Pain: Response of American Intellectuals

Common sense by Thomas Paine is a true masterpiece in every sense. Thomas Paine was a prolific writer, his work is still regarded as one of the best and he is still looked up by many a people. This goes to show his legacy which he established over the period...

The Origins of the Cold War

The new American administration is seeking to create a new feeling about the relationship between the United States and Russia. This was evident from the positive sentiments voiced in the recent joint Russian-American press conference addressed by presidents Obama and Medvedev. The location of these addresses, Hyde Park, was probably...

Military History: The Clash of Civilizations

The modern world enters a new stage in the development of military service; this fact is closely connected with the global political and economic challenges in the international arena. According to the theorist Samuel Huntington, the conflict between civilizations will become a significant push to future battles between the civilizations...

“When Presidents Lie” by Eric Alterman

The assessment of the case of Roosevelt’s lie in “When Presidents Lie” by Eric Alterman, can be done in two approaches. One is simplistic, where the lie can be explained by an old joke, supposedly told by Churchill, when he saw an inscription on a gravestone saying, “here lay an...

Sack of Constantinople: Historical Review

Introduction The movie’s portrayal of the dark sides of Christian history mostly does not go beyond showing the inquisition and all the horrible acts associated with it. In that regard, the history of the crusades is a rich material that historically documents many controversial aspects of that time. Among such...

Cultural and Scientific Backgrounds for Modern Era

The history of the world is divided into several periods which show the main peculiarities of the time development. History knows Ancient Times, Antiquity, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Modern Era and other periods which had their own peculiarities and which characterized the special social and economical development of its time. Renaissance...

Strategy and Use of Military Power: WWI to Cold War

Outline The paper explains that technological advances during the First World War had convinced the experts, of the superiority of defense over offense. However, after WW I, technology yet again improved the weapons and tools of war-making it possible for strategists to employ them effectively for offensive action. The advancement...

Heroic Narrative of South East Asian Nations in World War II

Outline This essay examines the hypothesis that Japan took advantage of the abuses of Western colonialism on South East Asian nations by promising ‘an Asia for Asians’, and that the South East Asian people used this idea coupled with their own heroic narrative to achieve their respective national independence and...

Islamic Empire Collapse and Its Causes

The rapid pace of conversion to Islam causes essential difficulties in determining the followers of this religion. Originally, the natural-born Muslims learn how to study in accordance with Koran from the very childhood, while it is rather difficult for the newly come Muslims to follow the principles of the Koran...

Middle Age: Stages of the Period

The middle ages referred to the period of the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the discovery of Columbus of the new world but there is no true indication to verify this fact. This happened between 500-ca-1500 AD. This age was further divided into three stages: the early middle...

Napoleone Bonaparte and the Consequences of French Revolution

Napoleone Bonaparte, also known as Napoleon 1, went down the annals of history as one of the greatest leaders of all times. His contributions and influence during his reign as emperor of France reverberated over the whole of Europe, and changed socio-political and economic systems in the entire world. Born...

History of Community and Junior Colleges

In the course of the twentieth century, American society has witnessed advent, growth and evolution of community colleges. At present, there are at least ten educational institutions of this kind almost in every state of the country. However, approximately ninety years ago their number was rather small, and only very...

Slaves, Peasants, Serfs and Marrige

Introduction Serf is a term that comes from serfdom referring to the economic condition of peasants under feudalism. Serfs are workers who are linked to the land. In the feudal society, they created the lowly social class. Serfs and slaves were almost linked but there existed some stark contrasts between...

American Changes: The 1970s and 1980s

The period of 1970-1990 was marked by dramatic changes in economic, social and cultural life of the United States; they were caused by both domestic and external influences. These two decades can be characterized by significant shifts in foreign policy and in public opinion. In this paper, we need to...

Coffee Development and Influence on Our Lives

Introduction Coffee started becoming a favorite drink in Europe in the seventeenth century during the Age of Reason. During this Age, thinkers decided to open up to new ideas thus going beyond the wisdom of the former people. Coffee which was a new drink at the time boosted sharpness and...

Queen Emma of Hawaii’s Biographical Account

Queen Emma was born in 1836 to Fanny Kekelaokalani Young (High Chiefess), the daughter of John Young, King Kamehameha. Her father George Naea was a High Chief. Her first name was Emalani, but it later changed to Emma Rook. Her parents were high ranking members of the society known as...

American Foreign Policy in the Middle East Since 1980

Since the discovery of oil in the desert wastelands of the Middle East, the region has remained at the centre of geopolitical focus and strife. Oil, to a large extent outlines the region’s importance to the United States. Oil accounts for nearly 40 percent of the US energy needs and...

Child Labor in the Victorian Period

Child labor during the Victorian era was as normal as children going to school in the current world. The issue of child labor was not hidden from either the parents or the authorities. In fact, both parties had all the reason to justify it. The children on the other hand...

The Lethal Gift of Livestock. Guns, Steel and Society by Jared Diamond

Introduction The chapter “The Lethal Gift of Livestock” by Jared Diamond discloses his version of the evolution of human society from a very original and interesting point of view. He attributes the greater role in the division of political and economical power to the smallest living organisms on the Earth,...

History in Peabody Essex Museum

Introduction Salem, Essex County in Massachusetts is an area with a rich history. By 1821, the area had the Essex Historical History whose role was to protect the community’s rich history. There was also the Essex County Natural History Society which concentrated on keeping America’s natural wonders. They later merged...

Civilizations. “Challenge and Response” by Arnold Toynbee

In his “Challenge and Response” Arnold J. Toynbee tries to find difference between primitive and higher societies. This issue has always been rather controversial. Throughout the centuries a number of scientists have been trying to work out the criteria which could differentiate primitive societies from the higher ones. Some decades...

Neoliberalism in Latin American Countries

The countries of Latin America faced neoliberal reform policies during the 90s; this stage appeared to bring challenges and transformations to the economic structure of the states. The introduction of neoliberal policies influenced the market supremacy and the economical role of the State; it is necessary to underline the fact...

American Civil War as an Economic Conflict

The conflict between the Northern and Southern states of America, which was developing during the 1850s, resulted in the Civil War (1861-1865) that made researchers ask about the nature of this struggle. There are historians who are inclined to perceive the controversy from a political standpoint, and the other group...

Women’s Life, Roles, and History in Early America

Introduction The history of female rights in America is long and complicated. Since the early colonial years, American women, as well as women in European countries, were exposed to fewer rights and freedoms in comparison to men. It was connected with the overall structure of the society where households were...

Historical Figures: Harriet Beecher Stowe

Introduction People who are referred to as “historic figures” are often political or military leaders, although they are not always the ones who make history. For historians, there is a risk that, by looking only at the actions of kings or presidents, they will overlook the influence of people who,...

American Freedom: Conceptions and Practices

Introduction The history of American freedom features struggles for economic, political, social, and religious rights and freedoms. The American nation in the post-Civil War era was conceived as a liberal nation where all men had equal rights. The American Revolution, the Constitution, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Emancipation Proclamation,...

History of the United States Since the Civil War

Introduction The period that covers the 1950s and 1960s represents an era when democracy was fought in earnest, eventuating in the realization of some democratic rights, particularly by African-Americans. Discrimination and segregation against Blacks had deeply been engrossed within the American-Whites. As typified by Linda Brown’s case, a victim of...

Australian-Asian History: Orientalism

Introduction Orientalism, according to Said (2003, p. 5), refers to an assemblage of untrue assumptions relating to the attitudes of the West towards the East, more so concerning the colonization of the East by the West. This term speaks more about the difference between the East and West and how...

The Mayan Civilization’s Analysis

Introduction In the wake of the past century, man has been forced to acknowledge the fragile balance that existed between him and the environment. Environmental changes have resulted in some undesirable effects such as floods and droughts which pose a threat to the survival of man. However experts on the...

Leadership in the African American Freedom Struggle

Introduction The journey towards African American’s freedom was characterized by major setbacks on the part of the black Americans. Despite these setbacks, the African Americans continued in their quest for freedom believing that they were meant to be equal to their white counterparts. The oppression of this population especially due...

Liberal Consensus Era in the United States

Liberalism in the United States was founded on the political ideals of the Enlightenment with no monarchy, no hereditary aristocracy, and no established religion (Googleberg 204). American classical liberalism promotes a free market economy. In this sense, the government should not interfere with trade transactions. According to classical liberalists, wealth...

Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in Modern World Politics

Introduction The Middle East has been regarded as one of the hot spots on the world map. One of the primary points of discord is the establishment of the Jewish state on the territories that are characterized by a complex historical background (Bunton 2). The territories of the present-day Israel...