Safety Regulations in the Construction Industry

Nature and Scope of the Problem

Construction safety is a part of industrial safety programs aimed to protect workers and outside environment from potential threats and risks caused by construction practices and building. The construction safety regulation involves congressional legislation stating the need to protect health and safety of people, and the external environment. In this case, it involves setting strategic goals for improvements in the present condition; and establishing the commissions to deal with the day-to-day problems of actually achieving the safety goals. “Because government regulation can influence labor organizations in various ways, they should not be viewed as isolated and self-contained social units” (Levitt and Samelson 2006, p. 54). The new agencies attempt to settle quickly into full-blown and efficient administrative processes. While the construction safety legislation provided guidelines as to why the agency should proceed, it usually does specify the method or process of regulation (Hinze 2005).

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Background

Construction environment can be dangerous for a human causing death and health hazards. The regulation of worker safety goes toward specifying equipment in order to protect workers and managerial staff. For instance, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is enacted to reverse the rising trend of worker accidents during the 1960s. When the act became law, the secretary of labor set the first construction safety standards based on equipment specifications arrive at over the previous two decades by industry health associations and nonprofit construction safety organizations (Cadick et al 2005). Good construction safety management is thought to produce only a relatively low. Construction safety management is a control mechanism both in real circumstances and as a bifurcating effect in the model. Construction safety tests of the cusp model in two situations showed that the model provides a good description of the accident process and affords a variety of qualitative recommendations that an organization can use to improve its safety performance.

Statement of Subproblems

The main subproblems in this area are electricity safety and building safety. Today, electrical safety issues contain detailed provisions of the physical conditions of production from the cleanliness of the working area to the position and size of mesh screens over moving machinery (Levitt and Samelson, 2006). Most of the standard setting for building environment are litigious and prolonged, so the existing rules has not been complete. The major limitation is that these regulations when available and applied to the individual plant have proven to be extremely detailed and inflexible. When they have not fit, the only way to resolve an all-or-nothing confrontation has been to postpone application. Construction workers and inspectors operate with a variety of notions of compliance (Hinze 2005).

Limitations

Attitudes toward the construction safety program and its effectiveness, worker training, availability of needed tools and personal protection equipment, and the foreman’s attentiveness to regulation violations, all served to distinguish high and low performing groups. The concept of safety was similar in principle to the organizational standards concepts, except that safety is viewed with respect to a more limited set of objectives or issues. The introduction of an organizational construct is justified because the measurements distinguished organizations rather than individuals (Cadick et al 2005). They make decisions from ‘snapshots’ of activity, and with the benefit of varying levels of training, guidance, and experience. Issues of compliance therefore emerge in different construction settings and the meanings they take on are molded accordingly. It may take construction inspectors a long time to become familiar with some very large and complex organizations, a task which may be made more difficult by reorganizations (Hinze 2005).

Assumptions

The impact of construction safety rules is realized by the companies in higher equipment costs and reduced equipment options. This, in turn, increases the long-run, and increases the short-run, expenses of production. Behavior modification approaches to construction safety invoke a domino model, such that reinforcement strategies affect safe behavior, which in turn affects accident rates. As people start to work, construction tools are left out in work spaces, and different employees enter the work space to do different things with different tools and equipment (Cadick et al 2005). Workers and objects move around and make opportunities to bump into each other. In this case, construction hazards accumulate to a critical level when an accident occurs. The possible forms of construction safety training would center on the best use of tools, and procedures that would minimize the acceleration of the hazard buildup. Employees should learn to recognize the buildup cycle, and to spontaneously intervene by reorganizing their work spaces for a safer outcome. Construction environment is dangerous because it causes deaths and injuries if the workers are not protected and safety measures are not kept.Each of the parts might be reorganized, leaving members of the construction safety with the problem of not knowing whom to contact, especially if jobs are awkwardly defined. Thus, some construction inspectors felt that reorganizations could help them if individual managers became responsible for larger areas, as inspectors would then need to contact fewer managers to effect improvements across a greater area.

References

Cadick, J., Capelli_M., Neitzel, D. K. (2005). Electrical Safety Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional; 3 edition.

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Hinze, J. M. (2005). Construction Safety. Prentice Hall; 1st edition.

Levitt, R., Samelson, N. M. (2006). Construction Safety Management Wiley; 2 edition.

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