Global Citizenship vs Educational Philosophy

What is Meant by Reggio Emilia educational Philosophy?

The Reggio Emilia Approach is a philosophy based on education, whose main focus is on preschool and primary education.

It originated from Italy around Reggio Emilia city after the Second World War, and was pioneered by Loris Malaguzzi.

What Factors Necessitated the Establishment of Reggio Emilia educational Philosophy?

Parents who lived around the Reggio Emilia city believed that the devastation that resulted from the war called for an innovative and fast approach of teaching their children.

The parents considered the fact that children develop most of their individual character traits during the early years of growth, and hence the need to create a program based on the code of accountability, esteem, and interaction by means of exploration and invention.

Characteristics of Reggio Emilia educational Philosophy

  • The approach requires that children learn best by interacting with other people such as parents, peers and staff in a pleasant atmosphere.
  • The Reggio Emilia philosophy also requires that children must be in control over the course of their learning.
  • Children must be able to learn through experiences of seeing, touching, listening, hearing, and moving.
  • They should develop a rapport with other children and with physical items in the world and they must be allowed to explore.
  • Due to its respect to the child, early childhood programs have adapted this educational philosophy.

Characteristics of Reggio Emilia educational Philosophy (cont)

  • Parents are a vital component to the Reggio Emilia philosophy.
  • They are perceived as associates, coworkers and supporters of their children.
  • Teachers value parents as the child’s primary teacher and involve them in the intellectual growth of their children.
  • Teachers are highly dedicated to enhancing the understanding of children.
  • The program has produced a universal accommodating and elevating environment based on the children’s interests through a self-guided curriculum that has a purposive development.

What is Global Citizenship?

Global citizenship refers to the assent of citizenship on an international level.

It is also the proper and ethical character which directs people’s outlook in their local or global situations, enlightening them of their responsibilities within their communities.

Reggio-Emilia Approach vs. Development of a Global-Citizenship Consciousness

  • Emphasizes on the aspect of multiculturalism and connects children and educators globally.
  • The approach uses innovative and research based education philosophies for the overall development of children.
  • Builds self-confidence in individuals through global exposure and leadership opportunities.
  • Practical lessons help Children understand lessons at an age where grasping is maximum.
  • The education approach has heavy community involvement.


Indeed, the global future outlook belongs to the empowered global society which appreciates the customs, languages, visions and languages of the entire human race.

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